In the Shadow of the Cave Painters

An extensive drawing series began to evolve for me using Conté pastels some time before 1990. A sense of form in light was captured from the texture of the paper depicting ethereal imagery. About ten years later, a moment of absentminded musing with leather scraps prompted a sculpture series. What content I was searching for and what shapes could be formed out of hard, “Oak Tanned” leather became clear from studying African tribal masks. Leather construction techniques I invented in earlier years became integrated with the inherently primordial nature of the material. Sensing that this was a trail I needed to follow, inquiry into other ancient cultures inevitably led me to revisit photos of the neolithic cave paintings of Lascaux and Altamira. This time around I was awestruck by the magical beauty and elegant simplicity those first great artists realized with only the most primitive materials and traditions. The primal nature of their subject matter, the palpably coarse feel of their drawing materials on the rough cave surfaces inspired a final leap. My original Conté series on paper had transformed into large, gritty, pastel drawings on canvas. The primeval, the archetypal, the shamanic and sacred, are now the sources as well as the intent of my imagery.

Solo Exhibits

  • 2017 Art on Madison, Lakewood, OH
  • 2012 River House Arts, Toledo, OH
  • 2011 Gallery 56, Memphis, TNN
  • 2010 Flatlanders, Blissfield, MI
  • 2006 The Tom James Gallery, Northville, MI
  • 2005 Turkaly Gallery, Cleveland, OH
  • 2005 Chelsea Gallery, Chelsea,MI
  • 2002 Toledo Museum of Art Westgate Gallery, Toledo, OH
  • 2001 Chelsea Gallery, Chelsea, MI
  • 2001 Pierre Paul Gallery, Ann Arbor, MI
  • 1998 Yribar Gallery, Ann Arbor, MI

Selected Group Exhibits

  • 2011 Flatlanders, Blissfield, MI
  • 2010 Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, OH “Art Inspires Art”
  • 2010 River House Arts, Toledo, OH
  • 2008 Paoli House Gallery, Madison, WI
  • 2007 Parkwood Gallery, Toledo, OH
  • 2007 Secor Gallery, Toledo, OH
  • 2004 Turkaly Gallery, Cleveland, OH
  • 2002 TAA Exhibit, Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, OH
  • 2000 Caelum Gallery / Hiroshima, Japan
  • 2000 Pierre Paul Gallery, Ann Arbor, MI
  • 1999 Claire Spitler Works of Art, Ann Arbor, MI
  • 1998 Caelum Gallery, New York, N.Y.


  • 1960 - 64 Art Students' Leaugue, New York, N.Y.