In the Shadow of the Cave Painters

Starting In the early 1990’s, a precisely textured acrylic painting style and a matching, textured Conté drawing series evolved depicting ethereal imagery. Those techniques by their very nature lured me away from a literal interpretation of the visible world that I had practiced since my earliest years.

About ten years later, a moment of absentminded musing with leather scraps inspired a new direction. Construction techniques I invented years before, the inherently primordial nature of thick, hard leather and a review of African tribal masks became unified in a sculpture series. Further inquiry into the arts of other ancient cultures inevitably led me to revisit photos of the neolithic cave paintings of Lascaux and Altamira. The elegant simplicity and magical beauty those ancient artists realized with only the most primitive materials left me awestruck. The palpably coarse feel of their drawing media on the rough cave surfaces inspired a final leap. My original Conté series on paper transformed into large, gritty, pastel drawings  on  canvas.

The metaphysical content that some ancient cultures were able to express through their art forms were a revelation. Now I aspire to achieve a joyful, sensual, simplified form of drawing that contains a sense of the modern, the ancient and sometimes a touch of the primordial.

Solo Exhibits

  • 2017 Art on Madison, Lakewood, OH
  • 2012 River House Arts, Toledo, OH
  • 2011 Gallery 56, Memphis, TNN
  • 2010 Flatlanders, Blissfield, MI
  • 2006 The Tom James Gallery, Northville, MI
  • 2005 Turkaly Gallery, Cleveland, OH
  • 2005 Chelsea Gallery, Chelsea,MI
  • 2002 Toledo Museum of Art Westgate Gallery, Toledo, OH
  • 2001 Chelsea Gallery, Chelsea, MI
  • 2001 Pierre Paul Gallery, Ann Arbor, MI
  • 1998 Yribar Gallery, Ann Arbor, MI

Selected Group Exhibits

  • 2011 Flatlanders, Blissfield, MI
  • 2010 Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, OH “Art Inspires Art”
  • 2010 River House Arts, Toledo, OH
  • 2008 Paoli House Gallery, Madison, WI
  • 2007 Parkwood Gallery, Toledo, OH
  • 2007 Secor Gallery, Toledo, OH
  • 2004 Turkaly Gallery, Cleveland, OH
  • 2002 TAA Exhibit, Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, OH
  • 2000 Caelum Gallery / Hiroshima, Japan
  • 2000 Pierre Paul Gallery, Ann Arbor, MI
  • 1999 Claire Spitler Works of Art, Ann Arbor, MI
  • 1998 Caelum Gallery, New York, N.Y.


  • 1960 - 64 Art Students' Leaugue, New York, N.Y.