In the Shadow of Cave Painters

The dictum to simplify what the eye sees in order to draw it on a flat surface was always adhered to. An extensive drawing series with Conté chalk started in the early 1990’s. A sense of form in light was captured from the texture of the paper depicting ethereal imagery.

Approximately thirteen years ago, a rare moment of absentminded musing with leather scraps prompted a sculpture series. What forms were possible with oak tanned leather became clear studying African tribal masks. The inherently primordial nature of the material became fused with functional techniques invented in earlier years. Now on the trail, inquiry into other ancient cultures led me to photos of the cave paintings at Lascaux and Altamira. I was awestruck by the magical beauty and elegant simplicity those first great artists realized with only crude materials. The primal nature of their subject matter, the palpably coarse feel of their drawing materials on rough surfaces inspired a final leap. My original Conté series on paper became large, gritty, pastel drawings on canvas. The primeval, archetypal, shamanic and sacred are now the sources as well as the intent of my imagery.

Solo Exhibits

   2017 Art on Madison, Lakewood, OH
2012 River House Arts, Toledo, OH
2011 Gallery 56, Memphis, TNN
2010 Flatlanders, Blissfield, MI
2006 The Tom James Gallery, Northville, MI
2005 Turkaly Gallery, Cleveland, OH
2005 Chelsea Gallery, Chelsea,MI
2002 Toledo Museum of Art Westgate Gallery, Toledo, OH
2001 Chelsea Gallery, Chelsea, MI
2001 Pierre Paul Gallery, Ann Arbor, MI
1998 Yribar Gallery, Ann Arbor, MI

Selected Group Exhibits

2014 Nefertiti Mural, Uptown Green, Toledo, OH
2011 Flatlanders, Blissfield, MI
2010 Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, OH “Art Inspires Art”
2010 River House Arts, Toledo, OH
2008 Paoli House Gallery, Madison, WI
2007 Parkwood Gallery, Toledo, OH
2007 Secor Gallery, Toledo, OH
2004 Turkaly Gallery, Cleveland, OH
2002 TAA Exhibit, Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, OH
2000 Caelum Gallery / Hiroshima, Japan
2000 Pierre Paul Gallery, Ann Arbor, MI
1999 Claire Spitler Works of Art, Ann Arbor, MI
1998 Caelum Gallery, New York, N.Y.


Ypsilanti Public Library, Ypsilanti, MI

Choice Marketing, Chicago, Il

Compagnia Della Importazione, Milano, Italy


1960 – 64 Art Students’ Leaugue, New York, N.Y.