In the Shadow of the Cave Painters

A moment of absentminded musing in the studio years ago with some leather scraps prompted a sculpture series. Looking at African tribal masks gave me the insight that leather construction techniques I invented years earlier would seamlessly connect with the inherently primordial nature of the material. The vision and the language to express primordial, archaic, mythical content through symbolic imagery emerged. Following this new path, I then became riveted by the magical beauty of the cave paintings at Lascaux and Altamira. What those first great artists accomplished with rudimentary materials, the elegant simplicity and the palpably coarse, tactile feel of their materials, left me awestruck. Since then the various sacred traditions, the archetypal and the shamanic realms, have become the source as well as the intent of my imagery. These works represent the evolution of my search for a simplified form of drawing that delivers a sense of the modern, the ancient and sometimes a touch of the primordial.

Solo Exhibits

  • 2017 Art on Madison, Lakewood, OH
  • 2012 River House Arts, Toledo, OH
  • 2011 Gallery 56, Memphis, TNN
  • 2010 Flatlanders, Blissfield, MI
  • 2006 The Tom James Gallery, Northville, MI
  • 2005 Turkaly Gallery, Cleveland, OH
  • 2005 Chelsea Gallery, Chelsea,MI
  • 2002 Toledo Museum of Art Westgate Gallery, Toledo, OH
  • 2001 Chelsea Gallery, Chelsea, MI
  • 2001 Pierre Paul Gallery, Ann Arbor, MI
  • 1998 Yribar Gallery, Ann Arbor, MI

Selected Group Exhibits

  • 2011 Flatlanders, Blissfield, MI
  • 2010 Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, OH “Art Inspires Art”
  • 2010 River House Arts, Toledo, OH
  • 2008 Paoli House Gallery, Madison, WI
  • 2007 Parkwood Gallery, Toledo, OH
  • 2007 Secor Gallery, Toledo, OH
  • 2004 Turkaly Gallery, Cleveland, OH
  • 2002 TAA Exhibit, Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, OH
  • 2000 Caelum Gallery / Hiroshima, Japan
  • 2000 Pierre Paul Gallery, Ann Arbor, MI
  • 1999 Claire Spitler Works of Art, Ann Arbor, MI
  • 1998 Caelum Gallery, New York, N.Y.


  • 1960 – 64 Art Students’ Leaugue, New York, N.Y.